Political Group – Nismo Club http://nismo-club.com/ Mon, 21 Nov 2022 15:28:04 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://nismo-club.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/nismo-club-icon-150x150.png Political Group – Nismo Club http://nismo-club.com/ 32 32 2023: NIPR condemns attacks on political parties during campaign rallies https://nismo-club.com/2023-nipr-condemns-attacks-on-political-parties-during-campaign-rallies/ Mon, 21 Nov 2022 15:28:04 +0000 https://nismo-club.com/2023-nipr-condemns-attacks-on-political-parties-during-campaign-rallies/

By EMMANUEL AFONNE

WAZOBIA 2022 Virtual Summit Participants

ABUJA- The Nigerian Institute of Public Relations (NIPR) has condemned attacks by political parties at various campaign rallies ahead of the 2023 general elections.

Malam Mukhtar Sirajo, Chairman of NIPR, who condemned the attacks during the WAZOBIA 2022 virtual summit organized by AfricaFora in partnership with NIPR, noted that the attacks were three-dimensional.

The theme of the summit is “Preparing for the 2023 elections”.

Sirajo said physical attacks, stone-throwing at rallies, and verbal attacks by unqualified spokespersons at all levels have dominated most political campaigns.

The NIPR boss, who also chaired the summit, said the situation had become worrying and worrying for the Institute.

Sirajo said recent events violated the peace accord signed by the political parties.

“This election must become a cutting edge for our nation. We have to make that happen,” he said.

Sirajo called for the introduction of the concept of “nonviolent communication” into our national system and our culture based on the principles of universal truth.

The NIPR boss noted that the institute would pay greater attention to issues of credibility of electoral processes and security of votes in the upcoming elections.

“Elections everywhere are a key element of democratic governance; however, how it is prepared, conducted and managed determines the extent of its usefulness.

“Unfortunately, in most cases, especially in our climate, a lot of attention is paid to polls and results, compared to the processes that culminate in voting on election day.

“Since the recent events on the political scene in Nigeria, the echoes of power have again eclipsed the voice of good governance.

“As we look to the 2023 elections in Nigeria, we must ask ourselves some pertinent questions – What do these elections really mean to us – as electorate, candidates, arbiters, observers, etc.? who exactly propels aspirants to political parties?

“Is it the love of power or the sacrifice of leadership? Do we see this election as a very important matter for nation building, or is it another series of rituals that must take place every four years like the Olympics?

“What are we going to get out of this? Are we there to promote one of our own from our religion, tribe, sex, group? Or is it the need to reinvent our national identity?

“Our authentic answers to these fundamental questions would determine what we seek to get out of the election and whether it will work for both citizens and the nation,” Sirajo said.

He noted that at 62 years old and with immense resources that God has bestowed on Nigeria both material and human, the country should have been a great nation.

He assured that the institute and its 90 partner organizations will ensure that the fundamental issues of nation building are addressed.

Also speaking, keynote speaker Rev. Ladi Thompson said the country must rediscover its existence from its ancient history to move forward.

Thompson said Nigerians must eliminate the North-South divide and pay attention to critical thinking, effective communication and also believe that leadership cannot do everything.

He regretted that poverty had been made a weapon, because the hierarchy of means determined the level of infrastructure in the country.

“We need to start valuing human lives and managing our assets well; we must avoid the culture of violence,” he said.

NIPR Council Member Dr. Ike Neliaku said Nigerians should not choose candidates for the 2023 elections based on a corrupt mindset as this would spell disaster for the country.

Neliaku noted that young people are already changing the narrative but need to be properly guided to avoid throwing the nation into chaos.

He said nation building and political stability should focus on three key areas involving citizens, INEC and leaders.

“Let us build the citizen; that’s why it’s called the citizens’ summit.

“If we build the citizens and they’re enlightened, mindsets change and they’ll start asking the right questions, doing the right things and then we’ll rethink the process together.

“So it’s a three-pronged thing involving citizens, the electoral commission and those who are currently in positions of authority as leaders at different levels.” (NOPE)

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Political parties cannot regard election symbol as ‘exclusive property’, right of use may be lost with dismal performance: Delhi High Court https://nismo-club.com/political-parties-cannot-regard-election-symbol-as-exclusive-property-right-of-use-may-be-lost-with-dismal-performance-delhi-high-court/ Sat, 19 Nov 2022 04:03:12 +0000 https://nismo-club.com/political-parties-cannot-regard-election-symbol-as-exclusive-property-right-of-use-may-be-lost-with-dismal-performance-delhi-high-court/

The Delhi High Court said political parties could not regard the election symbol as their “exclusive property”.

A dividing bench of Chief Justice Satish Chandra Sharma and Justice Subramonium Prasad observed that the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allocation) Order 1968 makes it very clear that the right to use an election symbol may be lost in the event of dismal party performance.

The bench also reiterated the Supreme Court’s findings in Subramanian Swamy v Election Commission of India in which it was observed that “….a symbol is not a tangible thing and does not generate any wealth. It is only the insignia that is associated with the particular political party in order to help the millions of illiterate voters exercise their right to vote properly in favor of the candidate of their choice belonging to a given party”.

The comments came during the dismissal of an appeal filed by the Samata party challenging an order by a single judge who last month dismissed his plea against the awarding of the flaming torch symbol to Uddhav Thackeray’s Shiv Sena by the Election Commission of India (ECI) for Andheri East Bypass in Maharashtra.

While the appeal was dismissed on November 3, a detailed order was only made available yesterday.

The Samata Party was formed in 1994 and was recognized on October 24, 1994. The party had participated in the 2009 and 2014 general elections in Lok Sabha, but was defeated in both. Since the party was de-recognized in 2004, it had lost the right to the “flaming torch” symbol.

While rejecting the appeal, the divisional bench said that even though Samata party members were allowed to use the ‘flaming torch’ symbol, however, having been de-recognized in 2004, the symbol became a free symbol and therefore, it was in the domain of ECI to attribute it to any other party.

“No fault can be found in the communication with order dated 10 October 2022 issued by the Election Commission of India attributing the ‘flaming torch’ symbol to ‘Shiv Sena (Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray)’ and the order dated 19.10.2022, adopted by the Learned Single Judge in WP(C) 14830/2022 affirming said order,” the bench said.

According to Samata Party, since the symbol was a reserved symbol even at the date of ECI’s contested decision, notification was required before declaring the symbol as a “free symbol” and assigning it to another party.

While the Samata party contested the election in 2014 under the symbol of the flaming torch, the 2020 election was contested under a different symbol.

On October 8, the ECI had ordered the Thackeray and Eknath Shinde groups not to use the official name Shiv Sena for their rival factions and the ‘bow and arrow’ symbol until the dispute between him and Shinde, because the official recognition is finally decided.

Subsequently, on October 10, Thackeray’s first choice for the “Trishul” symbol was denied, stating that it had religious connotations, which violates 10(B)(A)(iv) of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allocation) Order 1968 and that the symbol is also the first choice of the Shinde Group.

The second choice of ‘Rising Sun’ was also denied on the grounds that it was a reserved symbol of the ‘Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam’, a recognized political party in the state of Tamil Nadu and the territory of Union of Pondicherry.

While awarding the “flaming torch” symbol, ECI said the same “is not listed as a free symbol” and was previously used by a de-recognized party in 2004. However, at the request of the Uddhav group, the ECI decided to declare it as a free symbol.

Title: Samata Party c. ECI & Ors

Citation: 2022 LiveLaw (Del) 1036

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Vietnam: Drop charges against dissident on Facebook https://nismo-club.com/vietnam-drop-charges-against-dissident-on-facebook/ Wed, 16 Nov 2022 06:19:51 +0000 https://nismo-club.com/vietnam-drop-charges-against-dissident-on-facebook/

(Bangkok) – Vietnamese authorities should immediately release outspoken commentator Bui Van Thuan and drop the politically motivated charges against him, Human Rights Watch said today. The People’s Court of Thanh Hoa Province has set his criminal trial for November 17, 2022.

Police arrested Bui Van Thuan in August 2021 for posting comments on Facebook criticizing the Vietnamese government. Authorities charged him under Article 117(1) of the Criminal Code with “manufacturing, storing, disseminating or propagating information, materials and products aimed at opposing the state of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam”. If convicted, he faces up to 12 years in prison.

“The Vietnamese government’s baseless prosecution of Bui Van Thuan for Facebook posts demonstrates the extent of its contempt for free speech,” said Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch. “Business partners and foreign governments should recognize that charges brought by authorities against a peaceful critic using Facebook threaten more than local activists.

Bui Van Thuan, 41, is a member of the Muong ethnic group from Hoa Binh province. His political interest began when he was a student at Hanoi National University of Education in the late 2000s. After graduating, he taught at private schools in Hanoi.

While working as a teacher, Bui Van Thuan participated in protests, including those against China as well as the environmental disaster caused by Formosa Ha Tinh Steel’s toxic waste dumping at sea in 2016. Bui Van Thuan expressed his support to fellow activists and political prisoners. , including Nguyen Trung Ton, Trinh Ba Tu and Can Thi Theu. He publicly boycotted the 2016 and 2021 national elections.

After his arrest, Cong an Nhan danthe National Police Newspaper, alleged that he “frequently posted and shared articles and images whose content was intended to propagate and distort Communist Party guidelines and policies, state laws, [and] tarnish the honour, reputation and image of [the late] President Ho Chi Minh and fellow Party and State leaders.

On his Facebook page, Bui Van Thuan regularly criticized the government on various political issues, including official pressure from the authorities to force people to vote in national elections. He has also frequently criticized the government’s handling of the Covid-19 pandemic.

In an article, titled “Doing the math for the Communist Party”, on August 21, 2021, he calculated the population of Ho Chi Minh City and its basic needs, and concluded the government’s plan to send soldiers to Ho Chi Minh City for shopping. for people during lockdown just wasn’t feasible. As the plan was cut short, authorities obviously noticed Bui Van Thuan’s statement and arrested him nine days later.

The police repeatedly harassed Bui Van Thuan and her family. Bui Van Thuan reported that in late 2016, police pressured his landlord to evict him and his family. With the help of fellow activist Le Trong Hung, who is currently serving a five-year prison sentence for defending the rights enshrined in the Constitution, the family was able to find a new residence.

However, in August 2017, the police pressured this landlord to evict them. They found another rental unit, but the landlord evicted them less than a day after they moved in. Facing constant harassment, Bui Van Thuan quit teaching in Hanoi and moved to Thanh Hoa province, where he made a living selling food on Facebook.

In the indictment against him, the August 21 post is among those listed as violating article 117 of the penal code. The indictment alleges that the publication of the Covid-19 plan is “based on a personal interpretation, devoid of concrete evidence and affects the work of preventing and combating the Covid 19 pandemic carried out by the Party and the State”.

On August 16, 2021, Bui Van Thuan also criticized the government’s call for financial donations from the people to help fight the pandemic. He wrote: “The Communist Party of Vietnam and its sprawling associations and organizations is a giant nest of parasites. They live like parasites of the sweat and labor of the people, and they have absolutely no effect except to drive the country away from development and civilization.

In the indictment, authorities alleged that the publication was criminal because it advanced a “baseless argument that insults the reputation and leading role of the Communist Party of Vietnam and its organizations, sowing doubt among the population”.

“Bui Van Thuan’s harsh criticism of the Vietnamese government should not constitute a crime,” Robertson said. “The Vietnamese government, although it controls all radio, television and print media in the country and regularly broadcasts official propaganda, still feels threatened by independent minds like Bui Van Thuan.”

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Super PAC emerges to encourage DeSantis to run for president https://nismo-club.com/super-pac-emerges-to-encourage-desantis-to-run-for-president/ Sun, 13 Nov 2022 17:31:49 +0000 https://nismo-club.com/super-pac-emerges-to-encourage-desantis-to-run-for-president/

TALLAHASSEE — Gov. Ron DeSantis may be playing coy on his presidential intentions, but a new super PAC has been formed to give the idea some oxygen and serve as his surrogate campaign until Florida governor make it official.

“Ron to the Rescue,” is the name of the independent political action committee organized by California political strategist John Thomas, a Trump supporter who shifts his support to DeSantis because he says he is “the future of the left”.

“As much as the people in the party still love Trump, they love winning more,” said Thomas, founder and president of advertising and political consulting firm Thomas Partners Strategies.

He acknowledged that the move would be seen as fueling the growing feud within the Republican Party between Trump and his base and a growing group of big donors and party leaders who want DeSantis to run. But, Thomas said, the catalyst for that effort was the poor performance of Trump-backed candidates in Tuesday’s midterm elections.

“If you’re a Trump supporter, I think it’s fair to say that Trump was not a net positive” in the midterm elections, Thomas said in an interview on Saturday. “He has added no value to the general election candidates in these various states, and perhaps, at worst, has unseated them.”

The super PAC announcement comes just days before Trump was scheduled for a “major announcement” at his Palm Beach mansion, Mar-a-Lago, on Tuesday. He is expected to officially announce his re-election to the presidency in 2024 and signaled that he sees DeSantis as his main rival.

Last Thursday, Trump unleashed a tirade against DeSantis, calling him an “average Republican governor with great public relations” and accused him of “playing games” on a possible future presidential bid.

Thomas said Trump’s early attack on DeSantis was “pardon” from a candidate who “never bothered to attack.” But, Thomas said, for Trump who “expected a coronation, it’s an admission that he thinks the governor is a political threat.”

Brought on by mid-term losses

Thomas said he originally organized the super PAC last summer because he saw DeSantis as the party’s new rising star. But, after the Justice Department’s raid on Mar-a-Lago over classified documents and the surge in support for Trump, he decided to put super PAC plans on hold and urge DeSantis to wait until 2028 to run for president.

He said he gave himself one condition, however, that he would reconsider whether the the midterms showed Trump’s support waning among the Republican base. On Wednesday morning, he said his phone was “exploding” with angry and frustrated Trump supporters over Tuesday’s midterm elections.

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But unlike earlier this year, the coalition emerging in favor of DeSantis last week was broader, Thomas said.

“What was really surprising was not just the original people who were pro-DeSantis, but our band was populating with people who looked a bit like me. We are not “Never Trumpers”. We’re actually quite pro Trump. We just want to win.

Thomas said he plans to announce the list of donors within the next two weeks, launch with a seven-figure budget, raise unlimited amounts of money from businesses and individuals, conduct surveys and to handle media inquiries until DeSantis officially opens a presidential campaign. He hopes that will happen after DeSantis’ inauguration in January 2023.

Under federal campaign finance law, super PACs are not allowed to contribute to or coordinate directly with parties or candidates. But Thomas said he was “in pretty close contact with his campaign people, even if it’s not sanctioned by them.”

The DeSantis campaign did not respond to a request for comment. The governor raised nearly $200 million during his gubernatorial run as he used his growing national stardom to raise funds across the country. He is expected to have up to $70 million left over that he could funnel into a federal campaign.

GOP “civil war” coming

Thomas said he expects a rivalry between Trump and DeSantis “to get nasty” as the former president demands loyalty from his supporters while many party members want to distance themselves from him.

“It will become a civil war, and it is inevitable. Trump is not going to go quietly into the night,” he said. “The former president is known to be vindictive against people who challenge him. But the time has come to pass the hammer and it’s very clear that DeSantis is the one who can win and the former president is not.

He noted that DeSantis’ landslide victory in Florida “took Florida from a swing state to a red state to sweeten the pot,” but that was not the deciding factor in reviving the political committee.

“We believe DeSantis is the future of the party that can build the necessary coalitions, especially with white college-educated women, Latinos and those critical groups,” he said.

He cited a post-election poll by YouGov America that showed DeSantis with a seven-point lead over Trump among GOP voters nationwide in a 2024 primary game.

Thomas said DeSantis must now part ways with Trump while assuring his supporters that he is not betraying the movement.

“Breaking up with Trump is like ending a dysfunctional relationship,” he said. “You still love each other but you realize it might be time to move on.”

While Trump may have “done DeSantis,” the governor used his perch as leader of the nation’s third-most populous state to execute COVID policies that were more popular than Trump’s, Thomas said.

Thomas said his organization will “breadcrumb his way” by praising Trump for having “a spine of steel, refocusing the Republican Party’s voter agenda, and appointing a group of fine judges. , etc. But we have to appreciate him as a veteran of the party, and less of a party leader.While we are very grateful for Trump’s service, it’s time to move on.

Thomas joins several political consultants in suggesting that DeSantis will need to make an announcement sooner than he wants in order to soften the impact of Trump’s attack and win over the MAGA base.

“The risk he runs is that the Republican base will lick their wounds and forget what happened midterm and just get behind the media frenzy that Trump is creating,” he said.

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Arizona’s Maricopa County failed to start counting 290,000 early ballots cast on Election Day https://nismo-club.com/arizonas-maricopa-county-failed-to-start-counting-290000-early-ballots-cast-on-election-day/ Fri, 11 Nov 2022 05:27:00 +0000 https://nismo-club.com/arizonas-maricopa-county-failed-to-start-counting-290000-early-ballots-cast-on-election-day/
An election worker arrives with ballots Wednesday inside the Maricopa County Recorders office in Phoenix. (Matt York/AP)

Key races to determine Senate control in Arizona and Nevada have yet to be called as the two states rush to count hundreds of thousands of ballots that have yet to be processed.

It may still be hours — or days — before enough ballots are counted in those states to determine who won the Senate. There are also many uncalled congressional races that will determine what the House will look like when the new Congress is seated.

The unofficial results — and continued uncertainty over who will control Congress next year — did not deter Republican apprehension over the election results, where an expected Republican wave never materialized.

Here’s what you need to know as the countdown continues:

Where things stand in Arizona and Nevada — and why it’s taking so long to count ballots: The main reason for the delay is how each state handles ballots outside of those dropped off at polls on Election Day, including early votes and mail-in ballots.

In Arizona, for example, there are approximately 600,000 ballots left to count. The majority of those, about 400,000 ballots, are in Maricopa County, the most populous county in the state that includes Phoenix.

Of those ballots, about 290,000 were cast at polling centers on Election Day, Bill Gates, chairman of the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors, told CNN on Thursday. These ballots must be processed before they can be counted, resulting in a delay in tabulation.

In addition, the county has approximately 17,000 ballots that attempted to be counted on Election Day but were not read by the tabulator due to a printing error, and these ballots must also be accounts.

In Nevada, state law allows mail-in ballots to be received through Saturday, as long as they are postmarked before Election Day. This means that counties still receive ballots to count.

Clark County, the largest in the state that includes Las Vegas, received more than 12,000 stamped ballots from the Post Office on Wednesday, Clark County Registrar Joe Gloria said.

Additionally, Nevada counties have tens of thousands of mail-in ballots that were dropped on Election Day in drop boxes located at polling places. Clark County said its Election Day drop boxes contained nearly 57,000 mail-in ballots.

Trump vs. DeSantis: The lackluster performance of several candidates backed by former President Donald Trump has cast further doubt on his planned 2024 campaign.

Meanwhile, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis’ resounding re-election is fueling calls for him to capitalize on his momentum and challenge Trump for the 2024 nomination.

The Trump-DeSantis showdown has been simmering for months now, but it could burst into the open as the primary season officially begins.

After the end of the “red wave”, McCarthy faces a more difficult path: Republicans are still closing in on a majority in the House, even after Democrats had a better-than-expected night on Tuesday.

House GOP Leader Kevin McCarthy is moving quickly to lock in the votes needed to claim the president’s gavel in the next Congress. CNN has not yet scheduled a Republican takeover of the chamber.

But the ultimate size of a Republican majority could determine how difficult it will be for McCarty to become president, as a narrow majority could tempt the Pro-Trump House Freedom Caucus to obstruct McCarthy’s leadership ambitions.

A source close to House Freedom Caucus deliberations told CNN Wednesday morning that there were about two dozen current and incoming members willing to vote against McCarthy if he did not offer them concessions.

CNN’s Ellie Kaufmann, Bob Ortega, Gary Tuchman, Paul Vercammen, Kristen Holmes, Gabby Orr, Manu Raju and Melanie Zanona contributed to this report.

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Israel elections: Netanyahu eyes comeback as voters head to the polls for fifth election in four years https://nismo-club.com/israel-elections-netanyahu-eyes-comeback-as-voters-head-to-the-polls-for-fifth-election-in-four-years/ Tue, 01 Nov 2022 12:03:00 +0000 https://nismo-club.com/israel-elections-netanyahu-eyes-comeback-as-voters-head-to-the-polls-for-fifth-election-in-four-years/


Jerusalem
CNN

Israelis head to the polls for an unprecedented fifth time in four years on Tuesday, as Israel holds a new national election aimed at ending the country’s current political stalemate.

For the first time in 13 years, former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is not running as an incumbent. Bibi, as he is universally known in Israel, hopes to return to power leading a far-right coalition, while centrist caretaker prime minister Yair Lapid hopes the mantle of caretaker premiership will help him to stay in place.

Netanyahu issued a stark warning as he voted Tuesday morning.

Asked by CNN about his fears of leading a far-right government if he returns to power, Netanyahu responded with an apparent reference to the Ra’am party, which made history last year by becoming the top party Arab to join an Israeli government coalition. .

“We don’t want a government with the Muslim Brotherhood, which supports terrorism, denies the existence of Israel and is rather hostile to the United States. That’s what we’re going to bring,” Netanyahu told CNN in English, at his polling station in Jerusalem.

Lapid, who hopes he and his political allies will defy poll predictions and stay in power, cast his ballot in Tel Aviv on Tuesday with a message to voters: “Hello, vote wisely. Vote for the State of Israel, the future of our children and our future in general.

But if the final opinion polls are up to snuff, it seems unlikely that this round of voting will be any better at breaking the deadlock than the last four. These polls predict that Netanyahu’s bloc will lose one less seat than a majority in parliament.

As in the previous four elections, Netanyahu himself — and the possibility of a government led by him — is one of the defining issues, especially as his corruption trial continues. An August poll by the Israel Democracy Institute (IDI) found that a quarter of respondents said the identity of the leader of the party they were voting for was the second most important factor in their vote.

But some high-level centre-right politicians who agree with him ideologically refuse to work with him for personal or political reasons. So to make a comeback, Netanyahu, leader of the center-right Likud party, is likely to depend on support from far-right parties to form a coalition – and if successful, could be forced to give his leaders cabinet posts. .

Israelis are also very concerned about the cost of living, having seen their utility and grocery bills soar this year. In the same IDI poll, 44% said their top priority was what a party’s economic plan would do to alleviate the cost of living.

And security, always a major issue in Israeli politics, is on the minds of voters – 2022 was the worst year in terms of conflict-related deaths for Israelis and Palestinians since 2015.

A recent compilation of polls by Haaretz shows that Netanyahu’s party bloc is likely to either achieve – or reach – the 61 seats needed to form a majority in government, while the Lapid-led bloc falls short. around four to five places.

According to pollsters Joshua Hantman and Simon Davies, the last week of polls saw a small bump for Netanyahu’s bloc, showing it topped the 61-seat mark in six polls and lost nine. The latest three polls released by Israel’s three main news channels on Friday all showed his 60-seat bloc in the 120-seat Knesset.

Recognizing the need to win just one or two more seats, Netanyahu has focused his campaign in places that are Likud strongholds. Party officials have previously claimed that hundreds of thousands of Netanyahu’s likely voters did not vote.

Another important factor is Arab participation. Citizens who identify as Arab and have national voting rights make up about 17% of Israel’s population, according to the IDI; their participation could make or break Netanyahu’s chances. One of the parties, the Joint List, has warned that if Arab turnout falls below 48%, some of the Arab parties may not pass the 3.25% vote threshold needed to win seats in parliament.

Overall turnout was slightly higher on Tuesday morning than it had been in previous elections, according to Israel’s Central Elections Commission.

Along with soaring grocery and utility bills and a nearly impossible housing market, Tuesday’s vote is taking place against the backdrop of an increasingly tense security environment.

Earlier this year, a wave of attacks targeting Israelis killed 19 people, including mass attacks targeting civilians in Tel Aviv and other cities in Israel. There has also been an upsurge in armed attacks against Israeli troops and civilian settlers by Palestinian militants in the occupied West Bank this year, claiming the lives of several more Israeli soldiers and civilians. According to the Israel Defense Forces, there have been at least 180 shootings in Israel and the occupied territories this year, compared to 61 shootings in 2021.

In the days leading up to election day, an Israeli was killed and several injured in a shooting in the West Bank near Hebron. The following day, several soldiers were injured in a vehicular attack near the West Bank city of Jericho. The Palestinian attackers were killed in both cases.

Attacks by Israeli settlers against Palestinians in the West Bank – and sometimes against Israeli soldiers – are also on the rise, according to human rights group B’Tselem.

Near-daily Israeli security raids on West Bank towns have killed more than 130 Palestinians this year. While the Israeli military says most were militants or Palestinians who engaged violently with them – including the newly formed “Lion’s Den” militia – unarmed and uninvolved civilians were also captured.

The death of Al Jazeera correspondent Shireen Abu Akleh in May while covering an Israeli military raid in the West Bank drew worldwide attention. After several months, the Israeli army admitted that it was most likely its own soldiers who shot Abu Akleh – claiming it was unintentional killing in the middle of a combat zone.

Palestinian disillusionment with their own leaders’ ability to confront the Israeli occupation has led to a proliferation of these new militias – and fear among experts that a third Palestinian intifada, or uprising, is on the way.

There are 40 political parties on the ballot, although only about ten parties are expected to cross the threshold to sit in parliament. Immediately after the polls close at 10 p.m. local time (4 p.m. ET), major media networks release exit polls that give a first look at how the vote went – ​​though the official vote tally may vary. exit polls, often small but crucial amounts. .

Only about ten parties should cross the minimum threshold of votes necessary to sit in parliament.

Once the vote is officially counted, Israeli President Isaac Herzog will hand over the mandate to form a government to the leader he considers most likely to succeed – even if he is not the leader of the largest party.

This candidate then has a total of 42 days to try to muster enough parties to reach the magic number of 61 seats in the 120-seat Knesset, the Israeli parliament, to form a majority government. In case of failure, the President can transfer the mandate to another candidate. If that person fails within 28 days, then the mandate goes to parliament which has 21 days to find a candidate, one last chance before new elections are called. Lapid would remain acting prime minister until a new government is formed.

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Mussolini and fascism came to power 100 years ago. Here’s how. https://nismo-club.com/mussolini-and-fascism-came-to-power-100-years-ago-heres-how/ Sat, 29 Oct 2022 11:36:20 +0000 https://nismo-club.com/mussolini-and-fascism-came-to-power-100-years-ago-heres-how/

Comment

A century ago, Benito Mussolini began a dictatorship that would last more than 20 years. It all started one night in late October 1922, when he sent his loyalists, armed with clubs and guns, to occupy key government buildings around Rome and Milan. Their goal was to force the Fascist party to power, using violence if necessary. It worked. On October 28, the king called Mussolini and asked him to come to Rome to take over as prime minister. Only then did Mussolini’s loyalists march through the city, representing his strength and power.

In the aftermath of World War II, Italy’s multi-party republic was carefully crafted by a coalition of left-wing political parties, with checks and balances designed to prevent another dictator like Mussolini from regaining such extreme power. But today, with the election of Giorgia Meloni – a far-right leader whose Brothers of Italy party won more than 40% of the vote and who traces her political beginnings to the authoritarian administration of Silvio Berlusconi two decades ago – many are worried. Meloni’s rhetoric is clearly anti-immigrant, anti-LGBTQ and pro-nationalist, and she threatened to end the fight against poverty, while emphasizing that women’s proper roles are as mothers and wives.

Meloni and his party have rejected the label of “fascism”, but they adopt the descriptor “post-fascist” and employ iconography and political opinions reminiscent of fascism. But fascism is more than a rightward shift in political ideology – it is a vision of government with totalitarian control. To help understand what is at stake with the current political change, it is useful to go back to the birth of fascism.

In 1919, Benito Mussolini founded what would become the Fascist Party, aligning himself with local leaders who had become squadron to help secure his authority in a country reeling from labor strikes and political upheaval. When Mussolini was elected to parliament in 1921, the fractured leadership of various parties sought to form partnerships with him, rather than denounce his violent tactics – a move that miscalculated his quest for control. Within months, Mussolini rallied his loyalists saying government should either be “peacefully given” to the fascist or they would “take it by force”.

Mussolini did not need a violent coup to take control. Rather, he capitalized on both fear and desire. Urban elites wanted to see the position of Italians in the world elevated – hence Mussolini’s slogan “Bring back the Roman Empire!” And he was also addressing agrarian fascists who, explains historian Paul Corner, were largely concerned with “the destruction of labor unions and socialist organizations…. It was a defense of profit.

Once in power, Mussolini’s charisma helped him gain popularity and acceptance. Called The Duke – “the leader” – he told his fellow Italians that they were a great nation and that he wanted to help them take their rightful place as a world power. His propaganda certainly helped too. The Duke had one of the world’s first propaganda film campaigns and it also began suppressing dissenting opinions in print and radio. Acting at the behest of a relatively weak monarch, he also installed allies in leadership positions and began enacting legislation to take control of almost every facet of Italian life.

Those who resisted were held in line, often by violence. Squadristi were told to use force against the anti-fascists, which they did at first. But in 1925, legislation made organizing illegal, and intimidation through threats against family, work, or self-reliant individuals was brought under control. Corner calls this a “forced consensus.”

It worked. Italians were so intimidated that they lacked the ability to stand up in effective numbers, and eventually young Italians grew up surrounded by propaganda – from the school curriculum to newspapers – as well as images of The Duke and symbols of fascism. For many, it has become difficult to imagine a different future or to be involved in its creation. Although there had always been quiet anti-fascists, their work had been driven far underground or relegated to small groups of trusted friends for fear of reprisal.

Those who attempted to emerge as anti-fascist leaders were quickly snuffed out. Fascist leaders sent those they saw as a threat into exile on remote islands, while squadron kept others in line through torture, such as being fed castor oil through a funnel. But the most powerful tool used by fascist leaders was fear of being arrested, harming family, or losing jobs or homes.

It was not until years after the start of the Second World War, on July 25, 1943, that The Duke was eventually ousted and the antifascists reorganized. However, this was short-lived as Mussolini was reinstated 45 days later in a puppet government when Germany occupied Italy until the end of the war.

Even under German control, the anti-fascist resistance continued. His army was a motley group of no more than 200,000 soldiers, including 35,000 women. With limited resources, they staged guerrilla attacks such as bombings, assassinations and sabotage against Nazi and Fascist targets during the German occupation.

But this group also spent the occupation looking to the future, planning for a more democratic post-war government, with free elections and greater representation of women. And after the Allied forces defeated Germany, the anti-fascists created a republic with relatively strong regional and local governments and proportional representation in parliament, making it harder for one party to centralize control.

In the decades following the war, national identity aligned with anti-fascist victors without struggling with the powerful rhetoric that Mussolini had used for two decades. In 1946, author and well-known anti-fascist Natalia Ginzburg feared that the “older generation” was “in love with lies”, and she warned that children should be taught the evils of fascism, not “coddled”.[ed] …with plush dolls…and pretty pink nativity scenes…to smother their childhood with veils. She saw older generations perpetuating a romanticized myth about fascism even in the years immediately following the war.

She was right to worry. In the decades that followed, many Italians defined themselves in terms of Hitler, citing Mussolini’s alliance with Axis power as his “one mistake,” Corner notes. But in doing so, they overlooked the death toll of fascism in Italy, Ethiopia and elsewhere under Mussolini. And few of The Dukemany monuments have been affected, while propaganda films of the past are treated as historical documentation. Ruth Ben-Ghiat, an expert on totalitarian regimes, says this amounts to a “normalization of the past”.

The far-right shift in Italian politics a few weeks before the 100th anniversary of Mussolini’s march on Rome reveals the persistence of this indoctrination of right-wing fascist values. Meloni’s party seems to share much of the ideology of the former strongmen.

Perhaps the greatest danger in the resurgence of right-wing movements in Italy and around the world is a normalization of extremism. Ben-Ghiat considers the most important lesson to be learning from and considering the past. There are many differences between the conditions under which Mussolini came to power and modern times, she acknowledges. But she also warns that those who want to ignore an ugly or difficult history – in Italy or elsewhere – often have a political agenda: “They want people to become extremists”.

]]> Misleading Political TV Ads Fill California’s ‘Information Deserts’ https://nismo-club.com/misleading-political-tv-ads-fill-californias-information-deserts/ Wed, 26 Oct 2022 11:45:58 +0000 https://nismo-club.com/misleading-political-tv-ads-fill-californias-information-deserts/

If you’ve watched even a little bit of the Dodgers-Padres playoff games on TV, you’ve almost certainly seen a political ad. This is nothing unusual in the run up to an election. In fact, there are fewer proposals on the ballot than usual in California — but that doesn’t make it any less confusing to figure out how to vote. This year, for example, there are two different proposals to expand the game on the table.

Political advertising has already reached record spending levels this year. But what’s even more troubling than the amount of money being spent is that the mess of information and political polarization make it harder than ever to distinguish between facts and unsubstantiated claims or misinformation.

It’s quite possible that some Californians only get their information about ballot metrics and election candidates from television ads. And strong local news operations that could provide a counterweight to misleading ads are disappearing from many communities in this state and across the country.

That’s why it’s crucial that state and federal regulations on political advertising be updated to account for the loss of access to information, even as political operatives become more adept at fine-tuning misinformation tactics. .

Meaningful participation in a democracy depends on informed citizens, but many voters cannot get the kind of news and information that would enable them to do so. Since 2004, California has lost 24% of its newspapers — and 14 California counties are essentially news deserts: places that don’t have local news or are severely under-resourced for local news.

Currently, all current state law generally requires is a two- to eight-second disclosure about who paid for television or radio advertising. If it’s an advocacy group with an innocuous-sounding name (for example, Citizens for Sanity, which ran an anti-immigrant ad during a Dodgers-Padres game), such revelations won’t tell you much.

Currently, all the Federal Election Commission requires for television ads funded by political action committees is what it calls a “disclaimer” with “the name of the political committee, corporation, union, individual or group who paid for the communication”. But it could also require that the sources of the text, images or footage used in the ad be made available to the public.

Knowing who is behind a PAC is essential, especially in a post-Citizens United world, where huge sums of money flood campaign seasons from undisclosed sources. Donor tracing is beyond the ability of the average citizen, so even requiring a link to a PAC’s website would be more than voters have now.

Election laws are difficult to change and extremely complicated. But voters are also consumers, and the Federal Trade Commission may have means to act.

In July 2021, after a new election cycle set spending records, California’s Fair Political Practices Commission recommended creating a database of political ads, but such a database has yet to be implemented. been created.

This database requirement could be a gateway for the Federal Communications Commission, which oversees the public airwaves. The FCC could require broadcasters to run a brief message before any political advertising to indicate that the information has not been verified by the network, such as health warnings that appear on tobacco and alcohol products. Failing federal action, California regulators and lawmakers should consider how to make similar changes at the state level.

Rethinking political advertising is important for the future of elections. Democracy depends on the public making informed decisions. The polarization-driven misinformation flooding the airwaves will only get worse without reforms that give voters a fighting chance.

Nikki Usher is an associate professor of communication studies at the University of San Diego. ©2022 Los Angeles Times. Distributed by content agency Tribune.